The Folk Costumes Ball
The Folk Costumes Ball (Romanian: “Balul portului popular”) is a traditional festivity, taking place in February, also in Rupea. It is similarly organized as The Lads Christmas Ball, but on this occasion, the center figures are the married couples, dressed in folk costumes based on their birthplace or ethnic particularities. Its purpose is to revive the atmosphere of the old folk parties that took place in Rupea.
The Swish (German: “Fosnicht”) used to be up until the XXth century the winter holiday of married couples from Saxon communities. The Party with the Basket (Romanian: “Balul cu coşul”) or The Party of the Married Ones (Romanian: “Balul însuraţilor”), as it was often called, took place at the end of February and was dedicated to the Saxons passed their first youth. They participated dressed in their church clothes, brought home-made food, cooked in their own households or at the“elder of the vicinity’s” place, opened the community chest, talked about forfeits, trials and reconciliation. Later they ate, drank and danced in the community hall. As in other villages from Transylvania, the custom was embraced by Romanians (as we can see in Ungra, Homorod, Buneşti, Hoghiz, Mercheaşa, Dăişoara, Fântâna, and Cuciulata), maintaining the same purpose – a party for the married couples – but taking place before entering the Lent. As time passed, another connotation was given to it, being associated from time to time with the date of January 24, thus celebrating the Union between Walachia and Moldavia.
Heroes Day (Romanian: “Ziua eroilor”) is celebrated in the same day as the orthodox Christian holiday called Ascension, which is set 40 days after the Resurrection of Crist. A parade is conducted, containing the city officials, the kindergarten, school, and high school children dressed up in folk costumes, on the sounds of Rupea’s “Peasant/Folk? Fanfare”. The procession leads to the orthodox Christian churches of Rupea and Fişer, where flower crowns are laid on the graves and epitaphs of this country’s heroes.
The Rustic Feast of Pentecost
The Rustic Feast of Pentecost (Romanian: “Serbarea câmpenească de Rusalii”), or La Rond, is organized 50 days after the orthodox Christian Easter, in a place called Gregorys Forest (Romanian: “Pădurea lui Grigorie”; German: “Grigoriwald”), located outside Rupea.
The Crown Feast
The Crown Feast (Romanian: “Sărbătoarea cununii”; German: “Kronenfest”) was tributary to flowers and vegetation in general, and held on June 29 (Saints Peter and Paul Day). It was known by many Transylvania Saxon communities, including the ones from the Seat of Rupea and its surroundings (Rupea, Viscri, Buneşti, Fişer, and Dacia). For the event, one meter tall crowns were made out of bright colored flowers (daisies, pinks, and cardamine), adorned with ribbons and garlands, and then mounted in the priest’s garden, the parish church or in a larger enclosure near the school, on a pillar that could measure 10 meters in height. The next morning, the villagers, especially the young ones, dressed in folk costumes with a specific repertoire, went at the religious sermon, and after that gathered in the churchyard, paraded towards the crown, preached, sang, and danced. Today, The Crown Feast is celebrated only in Viscri, Buneşti, and Dacia villages.
The Grape Party
The Grape Party (Romanian: “Balul strugurilor”) is held in September by the ethnic Hungarians inhabiting the village of Jimbor.
The Festival of the Fortresses
The Festival of the Fortresses (Romanian: “Festivalul Cetăţilor”) is organized in October, in Rupea, in joint association with the ones from Braşov, Făgăraş, Feldioara and Râşnov. It has a neofolk edge, promoted with the help of historical reenactment groups, professionals, and amateurs from the surrounding areas. On this occasion, traditional folk is promoted, through songs and dances, with the guests being permanent delegates or folk ensembles from sister cities of Rupea, from Hungary (Csanádpalota), Belgium (Denderleuuw), Austria (Salfelden) and Germany.
The animal fairs
The animal fairs are specific for the entire area of the former Seat of Rupea and have medieval origins. They are held a few times a year, on fix dates. Rupea has them on January 7, March 7, July 22, and October 7; Criţ (or Buneşti), on January 24, and August 29; Homorod, on March 15, June 29, and November 15; Ungra, on April 23, and October 26; and, finally, Caţa, on May 6 and September 15. Racoşu has mixed fairs, the ones with animals and goods on April 23, June 26, and September 29, while the others, animal-free, on each Friday.
The Lads Christmas Ball
The Lads Christmas Ball (Romanian: “Balul feciorilor de Crăciun”) takes place on December 26, in Rupea, and has the unmarried youngsters as main protagonists. It is associated with The Lads Caroling Customs (Romanian: “Obiceiuri de colindat ale feciorilor”) event, held on the first evening of Christmas, and with a Carols Choral Festival (Romanian: “Festival coral de colinde”).